Security Sector Reform (SSR)

​The course takes place at the Italian Army Training Command and School of Applied Military Studies of Turin, organized by the Director and Commanding Officer of the Post Conflict Operations Study Center. It is comprehended in the educational curricula offer that Italy provides for the European Security and Defence College (ESDC-Brussels) and makes use of nonpareil military skills including those deriving from the experience gained within the most important military operations and civil missions; in particular those in which the Italian Armed Forces are involved. The Security Sector Riform is a process consisting in transforming the security system of a Country in a progressive way to individuals and to the State those most effective and responsible security services, respecting the human rights, the democracy, inspired by the principles of good governance.

The aim of the course is to give a comprehensive understanding (in the legal, political and practical contexts) of the concept of SSR, through a review of its general principles, actors and processes and the role of the SSR in the context of integrated EU approach.

Maximum 40 people will be admitted to the course of which 10 posts are reserved for the ARMY.
Applicants are required to show proof of English language proficiency to be considered for admission to the program. The course is held once a year (last quarter), it lasts 3 days and is open to is open to civilian and military personnel from EU Member States, EU Institutions, Agencies and EU candidate Countries potentially interested in the planning, implementation and management of support activities for the security sector reform processes within the missions and operations related to the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP). Participation will give you the opportunity to gain theoretical and practical knowledge to be applicable in your daily work when dealing with post-conflict issues and state-building processes.
Military and civilian, national and foreign EU personnel or related agencies and/or other EU Institutions.

Course development:
The course consists of an e-Learning part, followed by a residential phase held in Torino from 26th to 28thNovember 2019, both parts being compulsory. During this period, an overall picture of the SSR process, how it has evolved and the linkages between SSR and other postconflict tools, will be given to participants. During the course the attention will be drawn on the European Union approach and its wide-strategic framework in support of SSR, moreover special emphasis will be given to the Defence Sector Reform (DSR) and its implementing challenges.

The course is structured on:
  • classroom frontal teaching lectures carried out by docents/speakers/internal PCO Study Centre’s tutors or also by other collaborators identified both within the PCOSC and ESDC of proven competence and broad experience in the sector;
  • round table in plenary session, conceived as a moment of confrontation to deepen, also on the basis of personal experiences, what was learned at the theoretical level during the lessons above mentioned.
Course structure:
The course is divided into two phases:
  • 1. Remote phase:
    This phase consists of the following modules:
    • the European Security Strategy;
    • EU decision shaping/making;
    • gender and the UNSCR 1325.
  • 2. Residential phase:
    This phase aims the following educational objectives:
    • identifying the political dimension of the SSR process as well as the need for this process to be "Inclusive" and "nationally owned";
    • examining the large quantity and differences of the actors in the SSR processes;
    • understanding the importance of coordination among the various actors to promote the only one single and effective integrated approach within the EU;
    • emphasizing the importance of the concept of "human security".