"Di fulgida gloria vigile scolta"
On 1st July 1940 the 1st Paratroopers Battalion was constituted in Italy at the Paratroopers School of Tarquinia (VT) and later, on 15th July 1940, left the number "one" to the new-born Paratroopers Carabinieri Battalion. The 2nd Battalion, with the 3rd and the 4th Battalion, was included in the 1st Paratroopers Regiment constituted on 1st April 1941.
On 30th April 1941, as 2nd Battalion, it carried out the first war launch of the Specialty in Cefalonia and later it occupied the Isle of Zante. On 15th March 1942 the 3rd Paratroopers Regiment was constituted in Tarquinia (VT) including the 8th, 9th and 10th Battalions. The 1st and the 2nd Regiments were included in the Paratroopers Division.
Firstly called "Cacciatori d'Africa" and then 185th "Folgore" Infantry Division, the Division was sent to Northern Africa. The 3rd Regiment, recalled 187th Regiment, exchanged the 8th and 9th Battalions with the 2nd and 4th Battalions of the 185th Regiment. On the front of El-Alamein the 187th Paratroopers Regiment was deployed on the left of the "Folgore" Division disposition. During the battle the soldiers of the 187th sacrificed themselves with the Division, gaining six Golden Medals to the Military Valour.
On 1st January 1963 the Paratroopers Brigade and the 1st Paratroopers Regiment, including the 2nd and the 5th Battalions, were constituted from the 1st Paratroopers Tactical Group and the Parachuting Military Centre. In 1976, after the dissolution of the 1st Regiment, the 2nd "Tarquinia" Paratroopers Battalion became independent and received the War Flag of the 187th Regiment. In 1982 the 2nd Battalion participated in the constitution of the Peace Multinational Force in Lebanon with the Italian contingent. In 1991 its 5th Company participated in the "Airone" Operation in northern Iraq.
With the reconstitution of the 187th "Folgore" Paratroopers Regiment in 1992, the 2nd "Tarquinia" Battalion was included in the Regiment that participated in the "Ibis 1" and "Ibis 2" Operations in Somalia and in the "Sicilian Vespers" in Italy. In September 1996 the 187th Regiment participated in the "Joint Endeavour" operations in Bosnia and in the "Alba" Operation in Albania, followed by the operations in Kosovo and East Timor. Later the Regiment has operated in all the operational theatre where the Paratroopers Brigade has been employed.