Reorganized in 2000, the Artillery is divided into two specialties: Land Artillery and Anti-Aircrafts Artillery. The Land Artillery is present in all Brigades except for the "Friuli" and "Sassari" Brigades. The regiment is organized in a Command, a Target Surveillance and Acquisition Battery, a Command Battery and a Group on three Howitzer Batteries, a shot and Technical Support Battery.
Three regiments are gathered with the training regiment in the Artillery Command at the dependencies of the Operational Land Forces Support Command.
A specialized regiment and battalion are now part of the RISTA (Reconnaissance, Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition) Brigade of the Signals Command in Anzio.
Today the Land Artillery regiments with howitzers are 12 and their Flags and Standards are awarded with 10 Gold Medals, 5 Silver Medals, 6 Bronze Medals, 1 War Cross to the Military Valour and 1 to the War Merit, 2 Silver Medals and 2 Bronze Medals to the Army Valour and 1 Silver Medal to the Civil Valour.