The social situation in Mozambique felt the influence of the tensions and the clashes in the Country from the early 80s to 1994, between the FRELIMO (Front for the Liberation of Mozambique) and the RENAMO (Mozambique National Resistance), later transformed into a political party.
The clash between the two parties in the Country led to a bloody civil war that forced the International Community to intervene.
Italy had a particular role: thanks to the action of the "S.Egidio" Community, it saw the signing of the peace agreement in Rome the contents of which became operational since 15th October 1992.
In 1994 there were the first democratic elections in which FRELIMO became the governing party.
Since 2012 the tensions between the two parties worsened again by threatening the safety of their leaders.
After multiple negotiations, a political agreement was signed on 24th August 2014 between FRELIMO and RENAMO.
The agreement ratified the end of the hostilities between the two factions and provided for the establishment of an international observation Mission called "Military Group for the Observation of the Military Hostilities" (EMOCHM) in which Italy was invited to participate.
They had particular importance the disarmament, the militia reintegration and the reform of the political institutions.
Italy contributed to the Mission with 3 Officers (2 of them from the Italian Army) that came back to the Homeland on 15th March 2015.