Since 1st March 2011 the Italian Parliament has approved the participation of about 550 Italian soldiers of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy, Air Force) and the Carabinieri Army as national contribution to the NATO mission called KFOR (Kosovo Force).
Since 6th September 2013 our Country has assumed the leadership of the KFOR mission: Major General Giovanni Maria Fungo is the current KFOR Commander.
The Italian staff, Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers, troop and volunteers, is employed in different fields and for different tasks; the national contribution to the mission is:
- 90 soldiers, from the three Armed Forces and the Carabinieri Corps, deployed at the NATO Command, KFOR Headquarters (KFOR HQ) in Pristina.
- a regiment unit called Multinational Battle Group West (MNBG-W) deployed in the "Italian Village" base in the city of Pec. The most important nucleus of this unit is composed of the 3rd Mountain Land Artillery Regiment of the "Julia" Brigade located in Remanzacco (UD); it includes Slovenian, Austrian and Moldavian military personnel; the logistic and communication support is provided by the 7th Signals Regiment of Sacile. The Commander is Colonel Enzo Ceruzzi. It represents the multinational operational unit at the disposal of the KFOR Commander in western Kosovo.
- an Italian-led unit called "Joint Regional Detachment-Centre" (JRD-C). It operates on a geographical area 2,500 kmq wide, covering one third of the whole territory from East to West. It is composed of Italian, Slovenian, Hungarian, Finnish and Turkish military personnel. The JRD-C is headed by Colonel Francesco Randacio and it operates with 10 Liaison Monitoring Team (LMT) on the territory of 13 Municipalities. Three of these LMT are Italian-led and operate in the Municipalities of Pristina, Pec and Decani. Their task is to guarantee a continuous contact with the population, the Institutions and the representatives of the different ethnic and religious groups present on the territory, in order to acquire information useful for the KFOR Command to maintain peace and stability.
In addition to it, Italy has provided other military units ready for the employment that normally remain on the national territory for the training. These units are known as Reserve Forces, multinational units available to NATO and ready to be employed if necessary. They are divided into:
- Operational Reserve Forces (ORF), based on the 152nd Regiment located in Cuneo; their employment is ordered by the NATO Commander, at the Joint Force Command in Lagopatria (NA), in case of crises or increase of threats in all the Balkan Operational Theatre.
- Strategic Reserve Forces (SRF) whose employment is ordered directly by the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) in Belgium, authorized by the North Atlantic Council (NAC).
From 12th August 1999 to the first months of 2010 there was a radio of the Italian Contingent called "RADIO WEST" that operated in Kosovo, southern Serbia and Montenegro, even transmitting in Albanian, Serbian, Spanish and English.
From 30th March to 29th September 2012 a battalion, constituted on the basis of the 11th Bersaglieri Regiment of Orcenico Superiore (about 600 soldiers) and belonging to the "Ariete" Armoured Brigade", was deployed in northern Kossovo near the Serbian borders, as Operational Reserve Force (ORF).
From 1999 to 18th December 2013 the Military Air Force Unit called Task Force Air (TFA-Aereal Tactical Group) provided the Italian Contingent with the necessary technical and logistic support, assistance to the civil and military vehicles in transit for the support to their contingents and to the aircrafts employed for Medical Evacuation (MEDEVAC) and Strategical Evacuation (STRATEVAC). The Unit was constituted on 1st October 2008 substituting the 1st Independent Operational Unit of the Military Air Force that, since the start of mission, had to manage the technical-operational aspect of the military airport located near the city of Dakovica. On 18th December 2013 the control of the airport passed to the Kossovan authorities.