In the context of a wide campaign against the international terrorism, in October 2001 the United States of America launched the Operation "Enduring Freedom" in Afghanistan, in order to create a stable and safe environment by eliminating the groups of resistance (AL QAEDA and TALIBAN) and blocking the freedom of manoeuvre to the armed formations on the territory, especially in the areas along the Pakistan border.
In the summer 2002, the USA asked Italy to provide an Infantry Tactical Group that would have been integrated in the Coalition.
On 2nd October 2002 the Italian Parliament authorized the participation of a military contingent with 1.000 soldiers, from 15thMarch 2003 to 15th September 2003. In that way the Mission of the "Nibbio" Task Force started; at the beginning it was composed by the 9th Alpine Regiment of the "Taurinense" Brigade that was succeeded by the 187th Paratrooper Regiment of the "Folgore" Brigade on 15th June 2003.
The "Nibbio" can be considered as one of the most complicated and dangerous missions of the Italian Armed Forces since the Second World War.