The Italian Army is the main and oldest component of the four Italian armed forces, included in the Ministry of Defence and at disposal of the Chief of the Defence General Staff. The Chief of General Staff of the Army commands the Italian Army and he is supported by High Commands in performing his duties.
Founded as Royal Army in 1861 on the occasion of the unification of Italy, the Italian Army assumed its current denomination when the Italian Republic was instituted in 1946. After the transitional period of the second postwar, Italy became a NATO member and the Italian Army was reorganized according to the needs of the organization.
The changeable international scenarios have determined the participation of the Italian Army in different UN, NATO and EU missions, cooperating with other countries and international organizations for the development and the support to reconstruction processes, but also contributing to maintain peace and security on the international stage. At present the Army is engaged in operations in Asia, Africa and Europe.
On the national territory the Italian Army employs servicepersons, vehicles and equipment for military operations and in support to the population. Among these dual-use activities we can mention the "Safe Streets" Operation that provides for the patrol of sensitive targets and locations, the prevention of criminality and the guarantee of operational reaction in particular situations. Moreover the Army intervenes after natural disasters, such as the earthquakes in Central Italy and the snow emergency; it implements reclamation works of wartime device and fire prevention campaigns on all the national territory.
Ongoing National Operations
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Ongoing International Operations